Korean War & UNWe pay tribute to those who died in Korea fighting for freedom and peace.
The 38th parallel, the temporary military demarcation line drawn by the US and the Soviets, became a political boundary separating the South and the North. North Korea quickly built its military power. By the time the Soviets completed their withdrawal from the North in October 1948, the North had fully equipped 4 infantry divisions and the 105th armored division equipped with Soviet T-34 medium tanks.
A secret military treaty between the North and the Soviets was signed in March 1949. Additionally, the mutual defense treaty of March 18 between North Korea and China resulted in transferring 25,000 Korean military personnel under the Chinese Communist forces to the North. The North was soon able to station 10 divisions of 130,000 soldiers along the demarcation line and complete its military reserve system of 100,000 soldiers. Believing in its superiority in military power coupled with the international political climate at the time, Il-sung Kim dreamed of armed unification of the South and North.
Embarking on his dream of armed unification, he passed a resolution through his party for armed re-unification of Korea in early April of 1950. In order to hide the plan to invade, the North started peace campaigns which included a proposal to hold a South-North Unification Supreme Legislation Conference in Seoul and to re-unify Korea through the efforts of the legislative bodies of the South and North.
In comparison, South Korea, although its manpower reached 100,000 by 1949 following the re-organization of the National Defense Forces and the Coast Guard under US Trusteeship into the Army and Navy respectively in 1946 and the establishment of the Marine Corps in April of 1949 as well as the Air Force in October of the same year, its military was poorly equipped and incomparably inferior to that of the North. In addition, without any military reserve system, 4 divisions of the 8 existing were stationed far from the demarcation line working on mopping up the communist guerrillas.
We are delivering
your precious heart.